Torque is the force exerted to execute rotating movements, thanks to the energy carried out by the pistons in the engine crankshaft. In other words, it can be understood as the capacity of an engine to produce acceleration and movement. In the case of a bicycle, torque would be the feet that exert the necessary force on the pedal to make the rotor rotate and, therefore, So roll.
Definition and concept of torque in a car
It is also known as “even”, and it is the torque force which is exerted by the crankshaft. This is created when a combustion impeller rotates around an axis, also the amount of torque that is generated is proportional to the air that runs through the engine. Therefore, the bigger the engine, the more air it will pump and the more torque it will produce.
An engine that has high torque will be able to move a car more easily than one with low torque, especially when there are low speed conditions. On the other hand, to calculate it a simple formula is used: torque= force x length, and according to the international measurement system, this must be done in newton-meter (Nm), since it quantifies the torque effort.
It should be noted that each vehicle has a maximum torque point, where more force is generated so that the engine can move the pistons and the crankshaft, and this occurs when the combustion process occurs optimally. Therefore, it is important because by finding the maximum point, it will allow to have more power with the minimum fuel consumption.
However, the function of horsepower (HP) must be highlighted, since they are used to express the measure of work that an engine can perform in a given time. Therefore, the larger the horsepower The more an engine has, the more the amount of work it can perform in a given time and the higher its engine acceleration and speed capabilities.
Motor torque usually produces the ability of a car to move something heavy, in the case of trucks, for example, they may not have much horsepower and therefore go slow, but they have a lot of torque which allows drag heavy loads.
On the other hand, the revolutions per minute (Rpm) are those that show the amount of laps that the crankshaft does per minute and its magnitude with the peak of the torque. This is why if the rpm is slow it means that not enough fuel reaches the cylinder and thus the power may be low, but as the rpm increases, more fuel reaches the cylinders and this produces more force than the pistons and thus, power and torque find their perfect point.
What is the best torque for a car?
The best torque for a car depends on several factors, such as the type of engine, the car’s intended use, and the driver’s personal preferences. In general, a motor with a high torque is capable of producing a faster acceleration and increased towing capacity. However, high torque can also be less efficient in terms of fuel consumption.
This is why if you are looking for a car for daily use in the city, you do not need high torque. An engine with moderate torque will be enough to provide good acceleration and performance around town. On the other hand, if you are looking for a vehicle that can tow heavy loads or driving on hilly roadsa motor with high torque may be better.
In summary, the best torque will depend on the needs and personal preferences. Therefore, it is advisable to seek advice from an expert in automotive mechanics, to find the car and engine with the right torque according to the required needs.
What is the difference between torque and horsepower of a motor?
They are two different measures of engine performance that are related to each other, but not the same. Since the power indicates the portion of force that occurs in a certain time, in this way, the greater the number of turns that are made per minute, the greater the power produced.
In this way, power is the amount of effort that the engine makes per unit of time. It is a measure of the rate at which work can be produced by torque. Power is measured in horsepower or kilowatts and it is calculated with the product of the torque and the acceleration at which the motor rotates. That is, it results in the speed of the motor and the amount of torque it can generate.
Therefore, their difference lies in the fact that the torque generates the force to move the vehicle. When you’re starting up a hill or towing a trailer, it’s the torque that’s doing the work. For this reason, trucks have much more than private cars, since they do not require going fastbut move heavy objects.
On the other hand, power is what gives speed, a clear example is Formula 1 vehicles, where they have much more power than torque, therefore, they are lighter, since torque is not necessary, they only require speed . But there are other types of cars that need both components to be able to function in balanceas is the case with cars used in quarter mile racing, which need torque for force and power at peak rpm.