In modern music, the sampling technique it has become an indispensable tool for many producers and DJs. In this article, we’ll explain everything you need to know about samples: from their origin and evolution to the legal aspects you should take into account when using them in your own creations.
Definition and concept of sample in music
A sample in music refers to the technique of taking a portion of a recording of existing sound and use it in a new musical composition. This technique has become a common practice in modern music production and is used in genres such as hip hop, electronic music, house, and pop.
The sampling process involves selecting a specific section of a song, such as a guitar solo, bassline, or drums, and use it as the basis for a new track. Samples can be manipulated in a variety of ways, such as changing their speed, pitch, or adding effects to create a new composition.
The use of samples has had a huge impact on modern music. However, it has also generated controversy and legal problems in relation to the Copyrightas it is often used without the permission of the copyright owner of the original recording.
What is a sample in a song?
In a song, a sample refers to a portion of an existing sound recording that is used as part of the composition of the song. new song. This portion of sound can be a bass line, a guitar riff, a chorus, a melody, a sound effect, a voice, among other elements.
Using samples in a song allows producers and artists to incorporate sounds from existing recordings into their own music, which can add a unique dimension to a composition and offer a connection to the musical past. In addition, samples are also used to honor or reference previous artists or songs, thus creating a kind of musical dialogue between the past and the present.
How does a sampler work?
The sampling process begins with the selection of a specific section of a recording, which can be any sound that the producer or artist deems interesting for their project.
Once the sound fragment has been selected, recording equipment or software is used to extract sound portion desired and convert it into a digital audio file. The sample can then be manipulated using audio editing software to change its speed, pitch, volume, and apply sound effects such as reverb, echo, and more.
Finally, the manipulated sample is integrated into the new musical compositionusing music production tools like a synthesizer, keyboard, or sampler to add more layers of sound and create a new song.
Most modern samplers use digital technology and are controlled by software on a computer.
History of the term Sample
The term ‘sample’ in the musical context refers to the technique of taking a portion of a sound recording pre-existing and use it in a new composition. The practice of sampling has its origins in concrete music and electroacoustic music of the 1950sin which sound recordings were experimented with to create new pieces of music.
As technology advanced in the decades that followed, new ways of sampling emerged, such as using electronic samplers in the 1970s and the introduction of hip hop music in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
The hip hop music it was one of the first genres to popularize the use of sampling in popular music. Hip hop producers used samples of soul, funk, and jazz songs to create new rhythmic and melodic tracks for rappers. The use of samples in hip hop became a distinctive form of music production and helped define the sound of the genre.
The use of samples also spread to other musical genres, such as electronic music, rock, pop, and experimental music. The popularity of sampling led to debates over the copyright and intellectual property of the sound recordings used in the new compositions. The courts had to deal with cases of copyright infringement related to the use of samples in music.
Despite these controversies, sampling remains a popular and widely used technique in current music production. Technology has made sampling faster and easier, and tools have been developed to create new sounds and effects from existing samples. Sampling has become a integral part of modern music production and has helped define the sound of many genres of music.